|Routes to Sustainable Transport. An overview of status and policy strategies for sustainable transport in Europe|
Transportation is a large energy consumer in modern societies. In a future with considerably less fossil fuels and restrictive policies towards global warming it seems improbable that transportation can still increase its share of the available energy. The term Sustainable Transport is used as a signal of a new development in transportation, which involves strategy shifts with regards to for example energy-efficient transport, the use of renewable energy sources, motor and vehicle technologies, taxation systems, private/public transportation, and physical planning. Countries and regions aim to reduce emissions of CO2, to ensure security of energy supply, to maintain mobility and to protect their economy and growth – and Sustainable Transportation seems to be a key concept. No country or region can claim to have a sustainable transportation system in place yet. Many of the needed technologies are not commercially available. The transitions needed involve enormous investments, from society, industry and for the citizens. And not least, we demand effective and cheap transportation, which provides us with the mobility we need at any time – and therefore, the claim for a large transition is often met with scepticism. Accordingly, new policy options are discussed, experimented with and evaluated. The purpose of this report is to help to exchange knowledge to policy-makers by providing an overview of current developments, major challenges, policies and strategies in the EPTA member countries and regions. The presentations from the various countries share a common structure, while at the same time allowing for a focus on country-specific issues. Each country is reporting on issues concerning: The State of Policy, Energy Use for Transport, Regulation and Technology Options for Sustainable Transport, Land Use and Physical Planning, Border-crossing Transport in Europe.