|Smart grid pilot projects in Europe (ITA dossier no. 42en, April 2019, Michael Ornetzeder)|
-> The decarbonisation of the energy system calls for new ways of generating and consuming energy as well as new forms of relations between energy producers and consumers. -> It is important to understand the complexity of factors influencing the effectiveness and success of smart grid initiatives targeted at small consumers across Europe. -> It is equally important to assess the impact local solutions have on the whole energy system before applying them widely at regional or national level.